3. Full blood count and iron status
A Full Blood Count is a key health screening tool, especially for spotting anaemia, where low red blood cell production can affect oxygen delivery, causing fatigue and weakness.
Heavy periods increase the risk of iron deficiency, and it’s also common during pregnancy, so your risk should be assessed early to prevent complications further down the line.
Conversely, you can also have too much iron! Some of us are genetically predisposed to absorbing too much from our diet. Iron accumulation in the pituitary gland may disrupt ovarian function, affecting your menstrual cycles and, though less common, impact your fertility.
So, identifying and addressing iron imbalances is crucial if you’re planning to conceive.
4. BCA, heart health and diabetes health
Obesity, insulin resistance (a precursor to diabetes) and metabolic syndrome (where multiple risk factors for heart disease and type 2 diabetes occur simultaneously) are commonly found in women who struggle to conceive.
This is why understanding body composition and the risk of heart disease and diabetes through testing may help identify risk factors that could be modified, like excess body fat, high cholesterol and high blood sugar, and subsequently improve health generally and in relation to fertility.
Also, women who are prediabetic, where blood sugars indicate an increased risk of diabetes, may be more likely to develop diabetes during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). Identifying warning signs before pregnancy can enable steps to be taken to reduce your risk.
5. Nutritional health and key vitamins
As you’ve probably heard time and time again, good nutrition is key to health – especially before (and during) pregnancy.
Folic acid is especially important as it helps to prevent birth defects, and guidelines recommend that all women who are trying to conceive take 400 micrograms of folic acid daily until the 12th week of pregnancy.
With Randox Health, assessing your nutritional health for fertility includes folic acid testing to ensure that levels are within a healthy range and to enable any underlying deficiency to be identified and corrected. Vitamin B12 and Vitamin D testing are also included, as deficiencies of both vitamins have been linked to fertility issues.