Q: Are there different levels of severity when it comes to sperm health and treatment options?
More than 5 million sperm per semen sample is a good number for someone looking to try on their own or conceive through Intrauterine Insemination (IUI). Between 1 and 5 million sperm per sample might indicate that IUI is a good choice, and IVF would be a stronger one.
With less than 1 million, in vitro fertilization (IVF) with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is the only measure that will allow sperm the chance to fertilize because we just wouldn’t have enough sperm to do things naturally.
But, having low sperm count does not necessarily result in poor sperm health, and vice versa. If male factor infertility is suspected, semen can be tested for motility and morphology (movement and shape), with recommendations for next steps.