Treating Male Infertility
Reading about the common causes of infertility in males can seem overwhelming without treatment options. Rest assured, there are many successful and effective treatment options available for men that can make fertilisation possible.
The choice of assisted reproduction usually depends on the severity of the male factor infertility. Some cases can be cured with the right nutrients, fertility supplements and lifestyle choices. Other cases require clinical options such as surgery or medical therapy.
Other options include intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in vitro fertilisation (IVF), with or without intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI).
IUI is used with mild male factor infertility and involves placement of washed motile sperm in the uterus, in closer proximity to the fallopian tubes where fertilisation occurs.
IVF overcomes any obstacles to sperm movement in the female reproductive tract, by allowing fertilisation to occur in vitro, using only a few million motile sperm.
With severe male factor infertility, where only a few motile sperm are present, IVF with ICSI allows for conception with even less sperm, as just one viable sperm is injected into the egg to create an embryo.