A thicker endometrial lining (womb lining) is more likely to receive a fertilised egg, but also provides greater nourishment for an embryo. For patients who have a thinner womb lining and a history of failed embryo transfers, a series of PRP treatments within a week of an embryo transfer may thicken the uterine lining and increase IVF success rates. PRP is slowly introduced into the uterus through the same type of catheter used for intrauterine insemination, or IUI; the process takes only minutes.
Fortunately, collecting platelets is simple and it can be done at the fertility clinic. The patient’s blood is drawn, then placed in a centrifuge that separates the platelets from the red and white blood cells. PRP is then extracted from those platelets and administered to the patient, sometimes on the same day. Any plasma left over after treatment can be frozen for future use.
The use of PRP in the treatment of infertility is still a fairly new practice and considered experimental with no guarantees; however, it could address some of the most common barriers to pregnancy and IVF success rates and is one of the most promising advances in reproductive medicine in recent years.